- Explain the multiple bonding nature of the carbon atom. Give examples of uses for organic compounds. Classify a hydrocarbon as saturated or unsaturated. Describe the geometry and rotational ability of single, double and triple bonds. Describe the benzene ring. Identify cis- and trans- isomers.
- Name and draw structures of alkanes, cycloalkanes, alkenes, and alkynes up to C10. Recognize and name alkyl groups and alkyl halides.
- Identify a compound as an alcohol, aldehyde, ketone, ether, organic acid, ester, amine, or amide when given a structural diagram. Name and draw structures for simple alcohols. Describe the preparation of an ester.